Hyperplastic polyps are innocuous lesions in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers

Int J Surg Oncol. 2011;2011:653163. doi: 10.1155/2011/653163. Epub 2011 Jun 7.

Abstract

Aims. To compare methylation profiles, protein expression, and microsatellite instability (MSI) of sporadic, HNPCC, and familial hyperplastic polyps (HPs). Methods. Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and pyrosequencing assessed p16, MGMT, hMLH-1, MINT 1, and MINT 31 methylation. IHC (Immunohistochemistry) assessed Ki67, CK20, hMLH-1, hMSH-2, and hMSH-6 protein expression. MSI analysis was performed on those polyps with adequate DNA remaining. Results. 124 HPs were identified 78 sporadic, 21 HNPCC, 25 familial, and the HNPCC group demonstrated no significant differences in overall methylation (P = .186 Chi(2)). The familial group demonstrated significantly less over all methylation levels (P = .004 Chi(2)). Conclusions. HPs that occur in HNPCC have no more worrying features at a molecular level than those patients with HPs in a sporadic setting.