Perceived social support, self-efficacy, and adjustment to abortion

J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990 Sep;59(3):452-63. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.59.3.452.


Prior to their having a 1st trimester abortion, women's perceptions of social support from their partner, family, and friends and self-efficacy for coping were assessed. Depression, mood, physical complaints, and anticipation of negative consequences were measured after the 30-min recovery period. As predicted, perceived social support enhanced adjustment indirectly through its effects on self-efficacy. Women who perceived high support from their family, friends, and partners had higher self-efficacy for coping. Higher self-efficacy, in turn, predicted better adjustment on the psychological measures but not on the physical complaint measure. No direct path between social support and adjustment was observed. In addition, women who told close others of their abortion but perceived them as less than completely supportive had poorer postabortion psychological adjustment than either women who did not tell or women who told and perceived complete support.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Personality Tests
  • Pregnancy
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept*
  • Self Disclosure
  • Social Support*