Alveolar recruitment in the delivery room

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Apr;25 Suppl 1:39-40. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2012.663164. Epub 2012 Mar 5.


Most preterm babies with a gestational age less than 23-27 weeks need a respiratory support in the delivery room (DR); the aim of ventilation is to create and maintain a functional residual capacity (FRC); to facilitate gas exchange and to minimize acute lung injury. The application of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) from the first breaths helps in obtaining a lung volume stabilization. Efficacy and safety of the application of a sustained lung inflation (SLI) at birth is still under careful evaluation. The prompt increase of the hearth rate and oxygen saturation in the preliminary studies at the moment available in the literature are signs of the good efficacy of the manoeuvre but the effects of the SLI on oxygenation and hemodynamics are undetermined. When preterm infants need respiratory assistance in the DR, respiratory function monitoring is desirable to apply adequate and gentle resuscitation manoeuvres. Clinical large trials taking place in the DR are needed but they are also extremely difficult to be designed and performed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Delivery Rooms
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature*
  • Perinatal Care
  • Positive-Pressure Respiration*
  • Premature Birth / physiopathology
  • Premature Birth / therapy*
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / physiopathology