Potential correlation between periodontitis and coronary heart disease--an overview

Gen Dent. Jan-Feb 2012;60(1):20-4.

Abstract

The role of periodontal disease remains a headline-generating topic. Periodontal disease, caused chiefly by bacteria, is characterized by inflammation, bacteremia, a strong immune response, and loss of connective tissue attachment and bone. It is speculated that a continuous long-term exposure to oral bacteremia and bacterial toxins induces immune responses that could contribute to coronary atherosclerosis and, in conjunction with other risk factors, lead to coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction. Periodontal disease might initiate pathological changes in blood vessel walls and act as a precursor of atherosclerosis in susceptible hosts. Many causal factors can play a role in heart diseases. Periodontal disease caused by pathogen bacteria as a low-grade inflammation could represent one of several possible causal factors of heart disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alveolar Bone Loss / immunology
  • Alveolar Bone Loss / microbiology
  • Atherosclerosis / immunology
  • Bacteremia / immunology
  • Bacterial Toxins / immunology
  • Coronary Disease / complications*
  • Coronary Disease / immunology
  • Humans
  • Periodontal Attachment Loss / immunology
  • Periodontal Attachment Loss / microbiology
  • Periodontitis / complications*
  • Periodontitis / immunology
  • Periodontitis / microbiology
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Bacterial Toxins