Active ground optical remote sensing for improved monitoring of seedling stress in nurseries

Sensors (Basel). 2010;10(4):2843-50. doi: 10.3390/s100402843. Epub 2010 Mar 29.


Active ground optical remote sensing (AGORS) devices mounted on overhead irrigation booms could help to improve seedling quality by autonomously monitoring seedling stress. In contrast to traditionally used passive optical sensors, AGORS devices operate independently of ambient light conditions and do not require spectral reference readings. Besides measuring red (590-670 nm) and near-infrared (>760 nm) reflectance AGORS devices have recently become available that also measure red-edge (730 nm) reflectance. We tested the hypothesis that the additional availability of red-edge reflectance information would improve AGORS of plant stress induced chlorophyll breakdown in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). Our results showed that the availability of red-edge reflectance information improved AGORS estimates of stress induced variation in chlorophyll concentration (r2>0.73, RMSE<1.69) when compared to those without (r2=0.57, RMSE=2.11).

Keywords: CCCI; NDRE; NDVI; Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris); chlorophyll a+b concentration (Chlab); crop sensors; red-edge.

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques / methods*
  • Chlorophyll / analysis
  • Chlorophyll A
  • Linear Models
  • Pinus sylvestris / physiology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Seedlings / physiology*
  • Stress, Physiological*


  • Chlorophyll
  • chlorophyll b
  • Chlorophyll A