Objectives: AMG623, also known as A-623, is an antagonist of B-cell activating factor (BAFF). The present study was to evaluate the effects of AMG623 on murine models of autoimmune diseases.
Methods: AMG623 was generated through phage library. Inhibitory activities of AMG623 against human and murine BAFF were measured by biacore binding and BAFF-mediated B-cell proliferation assay. Pharmacological effects of AMG623 were studied in BALB/c mice, collagen-induced arthritis model (CIA) and in the NZBxNZW F1 lupus model.
Results: AMG623 binds to both soluble and cell surface BAFF. AMG623 blocks both human murine BAFF binding to the receptors. Treatment of AMG623 resulted in B-cell number reduction, and improvement of arthritis and lupus development in mice.
Conclusions: AMG623 is a novel modality of BAFF antagonist. AMG623 is a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, and other B-cell-mediated autoimmune diseases.