Echocardiographic diagnoses in HIV-infected patients presenting with cardiac symptoms at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Cardiovasc J Afr. 2012 Mar;23(2):90-7. doi: 10.5830/CVJA-2011-060. Epub 2012 Feb 13.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the pattern of echocardiographic diagnoses in HIV-infected patients presenting with cardiac symptoms at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Methods: Patients known to be HIV positive and with cardiac complaints were prospectively recruited from the Hospital's care and treatment centre as well as from the medical wards. Clinical assessment, laboratory tests and echocardiography were performed.

Results: A total of 102 patients were recruited from September 2009 to April 2010. The patients' mean age was 42.4 years and 68.6% were women. The most common diagnosis was pericardial effusion present in 41.2% of the patients. The effusion was large in 5.9% and small in 35.3% of the patients. Hypertensive heart disease was diagnosed in 34.3%, while pulmonary hypertension and dilated cardiomyopathy were present in 12.7 and 9.8%, respectively.

Conclusion: Cardiac abnormalities are common in HIV-infected patients, particularly when they present with symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / physiopathology*
  • HIV*
  • Heart Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Diseases / virology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tanzania
  • Ultrasonography
  • Young Adult