Fructanase and fructosyltransferase activity of non-Saccharomyces yeasts isolated from fermenting musts of Mezcal

Bioresour Technol. 2012 Apr;110:560-5. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2012.01.112. Epub 2012 Jan 28.

Abstract

Fructanase and fructosyltransferase are interesting for the tequila process and prebiotics production (functional food industry). In this study, one hundred thirty non-Saccharomyces yeasts isolated from "Mezcal de Oaxaca" were screened for fructanase and fructosyltransferase activity. On solid medium, fifty isolates grew on Agave tequilana fructans (ATF), inulin or levan. In liquid media, inulin and ATF induced fructanase activities of between 0.02 and 0.27U/ml depending of yeast isolate. High fructanase activity on sucrose was observed for Kluyveromyces marxianus and Torulaspora delbrueckii, while the highest fructanase activity on inulin and ATF was observed for Issatchenkia orientalis, Cryptococcus albidus, and Candida apicola. Zygosaccharomyces bisporus and Candida boidinii had a high hydrolytic activity on levan. Sixteen yeasts belonging to K. marxianus, T. delbrueckii and C. apicola species were positive for fructosyltransferase activity. Mezcal microbiota proved to showed to be a source for new fructanase and fructosyltransferases with potential application in the tequila and food industry.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Agave / enzymology*
  • Culture Media
  • Fermentation*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Hexosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Yeasts / enzymology*

Substances

  • Culture Media
  • Hexosyltransferases
  • inulosucrase
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • levanase