p53 functions as a cell cycle control protein in osteosarcomas

Mol Cell Biol. 1990 Nov;10(11):5772-81. doi: 10.1128/mcb.10.11.5772-5781.1990.


Mutations in the p53 gene have been associated with a wide range of human tumors, including osteosarcomas. Although it has been shown that wild-type p53 can block the ability of E1a and ras to cotransform primary rodent cells, it is poorly understood why inactivation of the p53 gene is important for tumor formation. We show that overexpression of the gene encoding wild-type p53 blocks the growth of osteosarcoma cells. The growth arrest was determined to be due to an inability of the transfected cells to progress into S phase. This suggests that the role of the p53 gene as an antioncogene may be in controlling the cell cycle in a fashion analogous to the check-point control genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Cell Line
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / physiology*


  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53