Summary health statistics for U.S. children: National Health Interview Survey, 2010

Vital Health Stat 10. 2011 Dec;(250):1-80.


Objectives: This report presents both age-adjusted and unadjusted statistics from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) on selected health measures for children under age 18 years, classified by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, family structure, parent education, family income, poverty status, health insurance coverage, place of residence, region, and current health status. The topics covered are asthma, allergies, learning disability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), prescription medication use, respondent-assessed health status, school days missed due to illness or injury, usual place of health care, time since last contact with a health care professional, selected measures of health care access and utilization, and dental care.

Data source: NHIS is a multistage probability sample survey conducted annually by interviewers of the U.S. Census Bureau for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics and is representative of the civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States. Data are collected for all family members during face-to-face interviews with an adult family respondent and any other adults present at the time of interview. Additional information about children is collected for one randomly selected child per family in face-to-face interviews with an adult proxy respondent familiar with the child's health.

Selected highlights: In 2010, most U.S. children aged 17 years and under had excellent or very good health (82%). However, 8% of children had no health insurance coverage, and 5% of children had no usual place of health care. Seven percent of children had unmet dental need because their families could not afford dental care. Fourteen percent of children had ever been diagnosed with asthma. An estimated 8% of children aged 3-17 years had a learning disability, and an estimated 8% of children had ADHD.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Utilization
  • Epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / epidemiology
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Learning Disabilities / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Prescription Drugs
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Prescription Drugs