Aim: G-protein coupled receptor agonists are currently under investigation for their potential utility in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The objective was to determine the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety and tolerability of GPR119 agonist, JNJ-38431055 in T2DM subjects.
Methods: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo- and positive-controled, single-dose cross-over study and a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controled multiple-dose parallel design study. The study was conducted at 4 US research centres. Two different experiments involving 25 and 32 different subjects were performed in male and female subjects, aged 25-60 years, mean body mass index between 22 and 39.9 kg/m2 who had T2DM diagnosed 6 months to 10 years before screening. JNJ-38431055 (100 and 500 mg) or sitagliptin (100 mg) as a single-dose or JNJ-38431055 (500 mg) once daily for 14 consecutive days were tested. Effects on stimulated plasma glucose, insulin, C-peptide and incretin concentrations were pre-specified outcomes.
Results: JNJ-38431055 was well tolerated and not associated with hypoglycaemia. Plasma systemic exposure of JNJ-38431055 increased as the dose increased, was approximately two-fold greater after multiple-dose administration, and attained steady-state after approximately 8 days. Compared with placebo, single-dose administration of oral JNJ-38431055 decreased glucose excursion during an oral glucose tolerance test, but multiple-dose administration did not alter 24-h weighted mean glucose. Multiple dosing of JNJ-38431055 increased post-meal total glucagon-like peptide 1 and gastric insulinotropic peptide concentrations compared to baseline.
Conclusions: These studies provide evidence of limited glucose lowering and incretin activity for JNJ-38431055 in subjects with T2DM.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.