Mitochondrial complex I plays an essential role in human respirasome assembly

Cell Metab. 2012 Mar 7;15(3):324-35. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2012.01.015. Epub 2012 Feb 16.


The biogenesis and function of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) involve the organization of RC enzyme complexes in supercomplexes or respirasomes through an unknown biosynthetic process. This leads to structural interdependences between RC complexes, which are highly relevant from biological and biomedical perspectives, because RC defects often lead to severe neuromuscular disorders. We show that in human cells, respirasome biogenesis involves a complex I assembly intermediate acting as a scaffold for the combined incorporation of complexes III and IV subunits, rather than originating from the association of preassembled individual holoenzymes. The process ends with the incorporation of complex I NADH dehydrogenase catalytic module, which leads to the respirasome activation. While complexes III and IV assemble either as free holoenzymes or by incorporation of free subunits into supercomplexes, the respirasomes constitute the structural units where complex I is assembled and activated, thus explaining the significance of the respirasomes for RC function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Electron Transport / physiology
  • Electron Transport Complex I / metabolism*
  • Electron Transport Complex IV / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Mitochondrial Membranes / metabolism*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding


  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Electron Transport Complex IV
  • Electron Transport Complex I