Approximately 8.3% of the US population has diabetes and estimates indicate that 79 million adults have prediabetes and 33.8% are obese, increasing their risk of diabetes. The national Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and subsequent translation studies have demonstrated the efficacy of the DPP lifestyle intervention (DPPLI) on lowering weight and reducing risk of type 2 diabetes over 10 years. Innovative strategies are needed to translate the DPPLI to reach people at risk of diabetes. Community health workers represent a group of individuals poised to play a role in supporting the translation of the DPPLI, especially in underserved populations. This article aims to 1) describe community health workers in general; 2) describe their role and impact on diabetes care in general; and 3) provide a detailed overview of studies involving community health workers in the translation of the DPPLI.