Sport activity and personality as elements in preventing cancer and coronary heart disease

Percept Mot Skills. 1990 Aug;71(1):199-209. doi: 10.2466/pms.1990.71.1.199.


Results are reported for 3 groups of healthy male probands, 318 in each group, matched for age and personality type on the Personality-Stress Questionnaire. One group was actively engaged in sports, one had discontinued former sporting activities, and one group had never taken part in regular sports. Follow-up after 13 yr. showed lowest mortality in those actively engaged in sport, highest mortality in those who had given up sport, with those who had never been engaged in sport intermediate. Prophylactic behaviour therapy was shown to reduce mortality of those who had given up sport to a significant extent but not to affect degree of retinal sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Personality*
  • Physical Fitness
  • Risk Factors
  • Sports*
  • Stress, Psychological / complications
  • Type A Personality