What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Although many tests for identifying patients with new or recurrent bladder cancer have been used, a reliable method has yet to be established. Recently, increasing attention has focused on the role of survivin in bladder cancer detection. Because urine survivin tests have better sensitivity than cytology, urine survivin could potentially replace routine cytology and might be used as an adjunct method for cystoscopy. However, the clinical utility of urine survivin as a bladder tumour marker identified in the present study remains to be elucidated. To determine the clinical utility of urine survivin as a bladder tumour marker we systematically reviewed the available evidence. A comprehensive literature review was performed, from August 1997 to March 2011, using three search engines in English including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and SCOPUS. Two reviewers independently evaluated both trial eligibility and methodological quality and data extraction. We included studies that evaluated urine survivin, used cystoscopy and/or histopathology as the reference standard, and allowed the construction of a 2 × 2 contingency table. Bivariate random effect meta-analyses were used to calculate the summary estimated of sensitivity and specificity and to construct a summary receiver-operating characteristics curve of urine survivin tests. In all, 14 studies were included in the present review; two studies had two subsets of data. There were 2051 subjects, including 1038 in the case group and 1013 in the control group, and heterogeneity was present among diagnostic studies. The pooled sensitivity and specificity for urine survivin tests were 0.772 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.745-0.797) and 0.918 (95% CI 0.899-0.934), respectively. The area under the curve of urine survivin tests was 0.9392. When a subgroup analysis with six studies was performed, urine survivin tests had better sensitivity than cytology, but did not match cytology for specificity. The clinical utility of urine survivin as a bladder tumour marker identified in the present study remains to be elucidated.
© 2012 BJU INTERNATIONAL.