Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 36 (2), 153-64

Conscientiousness and Stress Exposure and Reactivity: A Prospective Study of Adolescent Females

Affiliations

Conscientiousness and Stress Exposure and Reactivity: A Prospective Study of Adolescent Females

Michael L M Murphy et al. J Behav Med.

Abstract

Conscientiousness is associated with health, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. To explore the role that stress might play, this study examined whether conscientiousness was associated with exposure and reactivity to life stress. This study followed 133 adolescent women every 6 months for 2.5 years. Participants completed a baseline measure of conscientiousness, and at each visit underwent a structured interview to catalogue episodic and chronic stress and had blood drawn to assess inflammatory processes. Participants higher in conscientiousness experienced fewer self-dependent episodic stressors and less academic and interpersonal chronic stress throughout the study. However, at times when they experienced higher levels of chronic interpersonal stress, they became more resistant to glucocorticoids. Higher levels of conscientiousness may protect adolescent women from exposure to certain stressors. However, when stress occurs, highly conscientious individuals may become more resistant to glucocorticoids, increasing their risk for processes that influence inflammatory conditions.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 4 PubMed Central articles

References

    1. Am Psychol. 2006 Sep;61(6):622-31 - PubMed
    1. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Jun;1021:1-22 - PubMed
    1. Annu Rev Med. 2000;51:245-70 - PubMed
    1. Brain Behav Immun. 2011 May;25(4):667-73 - PubMed
    1. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1995 Nov;69(5):890-902 - PubMed

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback