RNA-DNA differences are rarer in proto-oncogenes than in tumor suppressor genes

Sci Rep. 2012;2:245. doi: 10.1038/srep00245. Epub 2012 Feb 2.

Abstract

It has long been assumed that DNA sequences and corresponding RNA transcripts are almost identical; a recent discovery, however, revealed widespread RNA-DNA differences (RDDs), which represent a largely unexplored aspect of human genome variation. It has been speculated that RDDs can affect disease susceptibility and manifestations; however, almost nothing is known about how RDDs are related to disease. Here, we show that RDDs are rarer in proto-oncogenes than in tumor suppressor genes; the number of RDDs in coding exons, but not in 3'UTR and 5'UTR, is significantly lower in the former than the latter, and this trend is especially pronounced in non-synonymous RDDs, i.e., those cause amino acid changes. A potential mechanism is that, unlike proto-oncogenes, the requirement of tumor suppressor genes to have both alleles affected to cause tumor 'buffers' these genes to tolerate more RDDs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • DNA / genetics*
  • Exons
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Proto-Oncogenes*
  • RNA / genetics*

Substances

  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • 5' Untranslated Regions
  • RNA
  • DNA