The utility of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging versus surgery for the characterization of müllerian anomalies in the pediatric and adolescent population

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012 Jun;25(3):181-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2011.12.069. Epub 2012 Feb 21.


Study objective: To evaluate the utility of transabdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of American Society for Reproductive Medicine (†)(ASRM)-classified müllerian anomalies compared to surgical findings in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: Tertiary academic center.

Participants: Thirty-eight patients with müllerian anomalies seen in our pediatric and adolescent gynecology clinic were identified both on the basis of ICD-9 codes and having magnetic resonance imaging at Texas Children's Hospital between 2004 and 2009.

Interventions: None.

Main outcomes measure: Correlation among transabdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings with surgical findings.

Results: Mean age was 12.2 (± 4.1) years. Twenty-eight patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and required surgical intervention, and 88.5% demonstrated correlative consistency with surgical findings. Twenty-two patients underwent ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and surgery, which revealed consistency among ultrasound and surgical findings (59.1%) and consistency among magnetic resonance imaging and surgical findings (90.9%). In ASRM diagnoses evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging, surgical findings correlated in 92% (Pearson 0.89). Overall, 55.2% of patients had a renal malformation.

Conclusions: Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard imaging modality for müllerian anomalies and is an effective technique for noninvasive evaluation and accurate classification of the type of anomaly in the pediatric and adolescent population. Magnetic resonance imaging should be considered as an adjunct to transabdominal ultrasound to evaluate müllerian anomalies.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adnexa Uteri / abnormalities
  • Adnexa Uteri / diagnostic imaging
  • Adnexa Uteri / surgery
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Genitalia, Female / abnormalities*
  • Genitalia, Female / diagnostic imaging
  • Genitalia, Female / surgery
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Ultrasonography*
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis*
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnostic imaging
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery
  • Uterus / abnormalities
  • Uterus / diagnostic imaging
  • Uterus / surgery
  • Vagina / abnormalities
  • Vagina / diagnostic imaging
  • Vagina / surgery