Objectives: The study investigated the role of myocardial suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3), an intrinsic negative feedback regulator of the janus kinase and signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathway, in the development of left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Background: LV remodeling after AMI results in poor cardiac performance leading to heart failure. Although it has been shown that JAK-STAT-activating cytokines prevent LV remodeling after AMI in animals, little is known about the role of SOCS3 in this process.
Methods: Cardiac-specific SOCS3 knockout mice (SOCS3-CKO) were generated and subjected to AMI induced by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery.
Results: Although the initial infarct size after coronary occlusion measured by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining was comparable between SOCS3-CKO and control mice, the infarct size 14 days after AMI was remarkably inhibited in SOCS3-CKO, indicating that progression of LV remodeling after AMI was prevented in SOCS3-CKO hearts. Prompt and marked up-regulations of multiple JAK-STAT-activating cytokines including leukemia inhibitory factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were observed within the heart following AMI. Cardiac-specific SOCS3 deletion enhanced multiple cardioprotective signaling pathways including STAT3, AKT, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2, while inhibiting myocardial apoptosis and fibrosis as well as augmenting antioxidant expression.
Conclusions: Enhanced activation of cardioprotective signaling pathways by inhibiting myocardial SOCS3 expression prevented LV remodeling after AMI. Our data suggest that myocardial SOCS3 may be a key molecule in the development of LV remodeling after AMI.
Copyright © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.