Ensuring adherence to therapy is a challenge in chronic diseases, particularly in cancers such as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), where there has been increased availability and use of oral formulations. A conceptual model of adherence was developed based on findings from a comprehensive literature review, to inform strategies for improving adherence to oral CML therapies. A complex interplay of factors (including clinical, psychological and behavioural) influence adherence to such therapies. Healthcare professionals have a key role in promoting and facilitating adherence and future strategies should place greater emphasis on understanding patient-level experiences in order to create personalized solutions.
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