Objectives: The primary objectives for this study were to establish normative data for the EDE-Q in a nationally representative sample of women and to investigate the unique and relative effects of age and BMI.
Methods: A community sample of 3000 women aged 16-50 was randomly selected from the Norwegian National Population Register.
Results: Mean global EDE-Q was 1.27 (SD=1.19). EDE-Q scores decreased significantly with age yet increased with BMI. In the regression model, BMI and age accounted for 19% versus 2%, respectively, of the global EDE-Q. Extreme shape and weight concerns appeared to drive the higher global EDE-Q scores for individuals with overweight or obesity, with 30-40% scoring above the recommended clinical cut-off for Shape and Weight Concern.
Conclusions: Higher EDE-Q scores, largely driven by elevated shape and weight concerns, appear normative among individuals with obesity in a nationally representative population. BMI should be routinely considered when establishing criteria for defining recovery and determining clinical significance using the EDE-Q.
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