Plk1 activation is required for progression through mitotic entry to cytokinesis. Here we show that at mitotic entry, Plk1 phosphorylates Optineurin (Optn) at serine 177 and that this dissociates Optn from the Golgi-localized GTPase Rab8, inducing its translocation into the nucleus. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that Optn is associated with a myosin phosphatase complex (MP), which antagonizes the mitotic function of Plk1. Our data also indicate that Optn functionally connects this complex to Plk1 by promoting phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1). Accordingly, silencing Optn expression increases Plk1 activity and induces abscission failure and multinucleation, which were rescued upon expression of wild-type (WT) Optn, but not a phospho-deficient mutant (S177A) that cannot translocate into the nucleus during mitosis. Overall, these results highlight an important role of Optn in the spatial and temporal coordination of Plk1 activity.
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