Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells enhance healing of mandibular defects in the ramus of swine

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012 Mar;70(3):e193-203. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2011.10.029.

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) injected locally or systemically on the bone regeneration of a 10-mm-diameter cylindrical noncritical-size defect in the ramus of the pig mandible.

Materials and methods: Fifteen Yorkshire pigs, weighing 60 to 80 kg, received bilateral 10-mm-diameter cylindrical surgical defects in each ramus of the mandible. Pigs received 1) a direct injection into the defect of 2.5 million carboxy-fluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester-labeled ASCs from 1 of 2 pig donors (n = 6); 2) an ear vein injection of 5 million carboxy-fluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester-labeled ASCs from 1 of 2 pig donors (n = 6); or 3) an ear vein injection of culture Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium without stem cells (control; n = 3). Pigs from each treatment were sacrificed at 1 hour, 2 weeks, or 4 weeks after surgery. Healing of the defect was evaluated by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, micro-computed tomography, fluorescent microscopy, and histology.

Results: Bone healing was accelerated in the ASC-injected treatment groups at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery compared with the control pigs.

Conclusions: Results from this animal model provide evidence that the injection of ASC locally into a bone defect or systemically can accelerate the healing of bone.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / cytology*
  • Animals
  • Bone Regeneration / physiology*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Movement
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Injections, Intralesional
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mandibular Injuries / surgery*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation / methods*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology
  • Osteogenesis / physiology*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods
  • Sus scrofa