Gut Hormones and Appetite Control: A Focus on PYY and GLP-1 as Therapeutic Targets in Obesity

Gut Liver. 2012 Jan;6(1):10-20. doi: 10.5009/gnl.2012.6.1.10. Epub 2012 Jan 12.


The global obesity epidemic has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality. However, the medical treatment of obesity is limited. Gastric bypass is an effective surgical treatment but carries significant perioperative risks. The gut hormones, peptide tyrosine tyrosine (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), are elevated following gastric bypass and have been shown to reduce food intake. They may provide new therapeutic targets. This review article provides an overview of the central control of food intake and the role of PYY and GLP-1 in appetite control. Key translational animal and human studies are reviewed.

Keywords: Appetite; Glucagon-like peptide 1; Gut hormones; Obesity; Peptide tyrosine tyrosine.