[Influence of hospital location on short-term fate of premature infants born at 34 weeks of gestation]

Arch Pediatr. 2012 Apr;19(4):391-5. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2012.01.016. Epub 2012 Feb 28.
[Article in French]


In France, new care units have emerged in maternity wards for the treatment of moderate prematurity, called mother-child units (MCU). We compared the length of hospitalization between the MCUs and the neonatal units (NNUs) for premature infants born at 34 weeks of amenorrhea at Grenoble university hospital. This was a retrospective, single-center study, including 99 premature infants born from 34 of amenorrhea to 34 weeks+6 days between 2004 and 2009. Were included all premature 34-week infants hospitalized in the NNU or the MCU excluding those with respiratory distress, birth defects, and including infants whose birth weight was less than 1500g admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit or transferred secondarily to the MCU. The characteristics of both groups were similar apart from a lower birth weight in the NNU group (1892 vs. 2182g) and gestational age less than in the NNU group (34.1 vs. 34.3 SA). Our primary outcome, length of hospital stay, was significantly shorter in the MCU (15.4 vs. 20.7 days in the NNU, P<0.01) as well as the duration of nasogastric tube feeding (2.8 vs. 9.1 days, P<0.01). This difference remained after adjustment for birth weight and gestational age. Our retrospective study shows that the length of hospitalization of premature infants born at 34 weeks gestation and hospitalized in our center is significantly shorter when they are admitted to the MCU rather than neonatology. For this reason, this mode of hospitalization in maternity MCUs can be recommended.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Birth Weight
  • Female
  • France
  • Gestational Age
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / mortality
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / therapy
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal / statistics & numerical data
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rooming-in Care / methods*
  • Rooming-in Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Weight Loss