F(o)F(1)-ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis coupled with proton-translocation across the membrane. The membrane-embedded F(o) portion is responsible for the H(+) translocation coupled with rotation of the oligomeric c-subunit ring, which induces rotation of the γ subunit of F(1). For solid-state NMR measurements, F(o)F(1) of thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF(o)F(1)) was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and the intact c-subunit ring (TF(o)c-ring) was isolated by new procedures. One of the key improvement in this purification was the introduction of a His residue to each c-subunit that acts as a virtual His(10)-tag of the c-ring. After solubilization from membranes by sodium deoxycholate, the c-ring was purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography, followed by anion-exchange chromatography. The intactness of the isolated c-ring was confirmed by high-resolution clear native PAGE, sedimentation analysis, and H(+)-translocation activity. The isotope-labeled intact TF(o)c-ring was successfully purified in such an amount as enough for solid-state NMR measurements. The isolated TF(o)c-rings were reconstituted into lipid membranes. A solid-state NMR spectrum at a high quality was obtained with this membrane sample, revealing that this purification procedure was suitable for the investigation by solid-state NMR. The purification method developed here can also be used for other physicochemical investigations.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.