Influence of MMP-8 promoter polymorphism in early osseointegrated implant failure

Clin Oral Investig. 2013 Jan;17(1):311-6. doi: 10.1007/s00784-012-0699-z. Epub 2012 Mar 2.


Objective: Dental implants consist in the treatment of choice to replace tooth loss. The knowledge that implant loss tends to cluster in subsets of individuals may indicate that host immuneinflammatory response is influenced by genetic factors. In fact, genetic polymorphisms influence the osseointegration process. The objective of this study was investigate the possible relationship between C-799T polymorphism in matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) gene and early implant failure in nonsmoker patients.

Methods and materials: Subjects were divided into two groups: control group (100 patients with one or more healthy implants) and test group (80 patients that had suffered one or more early implant failures). Genomic DNA from oral mucosa was amplified by PCR and analyzed by restriction endonucleases. The significance of the differences in observed frequencies of polymorphisms was assessed by Chi-square.

Results: Statistical analysis shows that in the MMP-8 gene, the T allele in 76.25% in the test group and the T/T genotype, 63.75% in the same group, may predispose to early loss of implants osseointegrated.

Conclusion: These results suggest that polymorphism in the promoter region of MMP-8 gene is associated with early implant failure. This polymorphism can be a genetic marker to risk of implant loss.

Clinical relevance: The determination of this genetic pattern in osseointegration would enable the identification of individuals at higher risk to loss implant. Thus, genetic markers will be identified, contributing to an appropriate preoperative selection and preparation of strategies for prevention and therapy individualized to modulate the genetic markers and increase the success rate of treatments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Base Pairing / genetics
  • Cytosine
  • Dental Implants*
  • Dental Restoration Failure*
  • Gene Frequency / genetics
  • Genetic Markers / genetics
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 8 / genetics*
  • Osseointegration / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Thymine


  • Dental Implants
  • Genetic Markers
  • Cytosine
  • MMP8 protein, human
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 8
  • Thymine