Background: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) have been implemented to promote rational use of antimicrobial drugs. Multidisciplinary teams are needed to form effective committees.
Objective: Assess the impact of ASP, with and without the presence of a pharmacist, in a cardiology hospital in Brazil.
Methods: The program started with an infectious disease (ID) physician, and after 22 months, a pharmacist started to work in the ASP team. We present data related to: stage 1-before the program implementation; stage 2-with the ID physician; and stage 3 with the inclusion of a pharmacist. Analysis was made by segmented regression of time series.
Results: After the start of ASP there was a significant reduction of consumption of all antimicrobials. The pharmacist contributed to the significant reduction in consumption of fluoroquinolones, clindamycin and ampicillin/sulbactam and in increase in total cephalosporins use in stage 3. Adherence rate to the ASP team recommendations was 64.1%. There was a significant reduction of 69% in hospital antibiotics costs.
Conclusion: A non-expensive ASP in a limited resource country resulted in reductions in antimicrobial consumption and costs. The multidisciplinary team contributed to maximize the impact of interventions.