Interleukin-1 stimulates ADAM17 through a mechanism independent of its cytoplasmic domain or phosphorylation at threonine 735

PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e31600. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031600. Epub 2012 Feb 27.

Abstract

ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) is a membrane-anchored metalloproteinase that regulates the release of EGFR-ligands, TNFα and other membrane proteins from cells. ADAM17 can be rapidly activated by a variety of signaling pathways, yet little is known about the underlying mechanism. Several studies have demonstrated that the cytoplasmic domain of ADAM17 is not required for its rapid activation by a variety of stimuli, including phorbol esters, tyrosine kinases and some G-protein coupled receptors. However, phosphorylation of cytoplasmic residue T735 was recently reported as a crucial step for activation of ADAM17 by IL-1β and by the p38 MAP-kinase pathway. One possible mechanism to reconcile these results would be that T735 has an inhibitory role and that it must be phosphorylated as a pre-requisite for the activation of ADAM17, which would then proceed via a mechanism that is independent of its cytoplasmic domain. To test this hypothesis, we performed rescue experiments of Adam17-/- cells with wild type and mutant forms of ADAM17. However, these experiments showed that an inactivating mutation (T735A) or an activating mutation (T735D) of cytoplasmic residue T735 or the removal of the cytoplasmic domain of ADAM17 did not significantly affect the stimulation of ADAM17 by IL-1β or by activation of MAP-kinase with anisomycin. Moreover, we found that the MAP-kinase inhibitor SB203580 blocked activation of cytoplasmic tail-deficient ADAM17 and of the T735A mutant by IL-1β or by anisomycin, providing further support for a model in which the activation mechanism of ADAM17 does not rely on its cytoplasmic domain or phosphorylation of T735.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • ADAM Proteins / metabolism*
  • ADAM17 Protein
  • Animals
  • Anisomycin / pharmacology
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1 / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism
  • Threonine / chemistry
  • Transgenes

Substances

  • Interleukin-1
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Threonine
  • Anisomycin
  • ADAM Proteins
  • ADAM17 Protein
  • ADAM17 protein, human
  • Adam17 protein, mouse