Comparison of GLP-1 (7-36amide) and GIP on release of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity and insulin from the isolated rat pancreas

Z Gastroenterol. 1990 Jun;28(6):280-4.


The effect of equimolar doses of GIP and GLP-1 (7-36amide) on insulin and somatostatin secretion in the isolated perfused rat pancreas was compared. At a perfusate glucose concentration of 70 mg/dl GLP-1 (7-36amide) 10(-9) and 10(-8) M and GIP 10(-9) M elicited a significant stimulation of insulin while GIP 10(-8) M and lower doses of both peptides (10(-11) and 10(-10) M) were ineffective. At elevated perfusate glucose levels of 150 mg/dl both peptides stimulated insulin release at 10(-11), 10(-10), 10(-9) and 10(-8) M but not at 10(-12) M. The insulin response at the higher glucose level was significantly greater compared to the effect of the same doses at normoglycemic conditions. Somatostatin release was stimulated significantly by GLP-1 (7-36amide) at 10(-10) and 10(-9) M at perfusate glucose level 70 mg/dl. At a glucose concentration of 150 mg/dl this effect was abolished. GIP did not alter somatostatin release at a perfusate glucose concentration of 70 mg/dl while at 150 mg/dl only the highest dose of GIP (10(-8) M) stimulated somatostatin release significantly. In conclusion, the present data demonstrate that in vitro in the rat pancreas both peptides are equally effective secretagogues of insulin release at normal and moderately elevated perfusate glucose levels. In contrast, somatostatin secretion is stimulated by GLP-1 (7-36amide) at normoglycemic conditions while only a rather high and presumably pharmacological dose of GIP is a stimulus of somatostatin secretion at moderate hyperglycemia.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide / pharmacology*
  • Glucagon
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon-Like Peptides
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Pancreas / drug effects*
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*
  • Peptides / metabolism*
  • Peptides / pharmacology*
  • Perfusion
  • Rats


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Peptides
  • somatostatin-like peptides
  • glucagon-like peptide 1 (7-36)amide
  • Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
  • Glucagon-Like Peptides
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
  • Glucagon