Laminins, a multifunctional protein family of extracellular matrix, interact with various types of integrin. Here, integrin-mediated cell adhesive peptides have been systematically screened in the laminin α4 and α5 chain G domain peptide library consisting of 211 peptides by both the peptide-coated plastic plates and peptide-conjugated Sepharose bead assays using human dermal fibroblasts. Thirteen peptides promoted cell spreading and the activity was specifically inhibited by EDTA. Cell attachment to 11 peptides was inhibited by anti-integrin β1 antibody. Additionally, cell attachment to the A5G81 (AGQWHRVSVRWG) and A5G84 (TWSQKALHHRVP) peptides was specifically inhibited by anti-integrin α3 and α6 antibodies. These results suggest that the A5G81 and A5G84 peptides promote integrin α3β1- and α6β1-mediated cell attachment. Further, most of the integrin-mediated cell adhesive peptides are located in the loop regions in the G domains, suggesting that structure is important for the integrin specific recognition. Integrin binding peptides are useful for understanding laminin functions and have a potential to use for biomaterials and drug development.
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