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. Sep-Oct 1990;110(3-4):196-202.
doi: 10.3109/00016489009122537.

Effects of Anti-Cholinergic and Cholinergic Drugs on Habituation to Motion in Rats

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Effects of Anti-Cholinergic and Cholinergic Drugs on Habituation to Motion in Rats

M Morita et al. Acta Otolaryngol. .

Abstract

The effects of the anti-cholinergic drug scopolamine, an anti-motion sickness drug, and of the cholinergics physostigmine and neostigmine on habituation to motion sickness in rats were examined using pica, measured as eating of kaolin, as a behavioural index of motion sickness in rats. Rats were rotated around two axes for 1 h once a day for 10 or 11 days. Rotation-induced kaolin intake of control rats gradually decreased from day 9 of daily rotation. Test rats were not treated for the first 3 days, given drugs on days 4-7 of rotation and then again given no drugs for the next 3 or 4 days. Rotation-induced kaolin intake of test rats was compared to that of controls. Results showed that TTS (Transdermal Therapeutic System)-scopolamine administration facilitated habituation to rotation, whereas physostigmine, a centrally acting cholinesterase inhibitor, suppressed it, and neostigmine, a peripherally active cholinesterase inhibitor, had no effect on habituation at all. These findings suggest that the central cholinergic neuron system plays an important role in the neural mechanism of habituation to motion in rats.

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