Assessment of 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and malondialdehyde levels as oxidative stress markers and antioxidant status in non-small cell lung cancer

Biomarkers. 2012 May;17(3):261-8. doi: 10.3109/1354750X.2012.664169. Epub 2012 Mar 8.


Objective: The present investigation was taken up to evaluate the 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and malondialdehyde as markers of oxidative stress, the levels of antioxidants and the correlations between these oxidative stress markers and antioxidants in lung cancer patients.

Methods: The study included 222 patients (158 men and 64 women, age ranging from 32 to 85 years) and 207 control subjects (153 men and 54 women, aged 30-80 years) for the analysis of urinary excretion of 8-oxodG using an ELISA assay, plasma malondialdehyde using spectrophotometer and red cell Cu-Zn SOD and GPx activities by kit methods.

Results: The levels of 8-oxodG and malondialdehyde were significantly higher (p < 0.001) and red cell superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities (p < 0.001) were significantly lower in lung cancer patients than in controls. There was a significantly positive correlation between 8-oxodG and malondialdehyde (r=0.912, p < 0.001) and a negative correlation between 8-oxodG and antioxidants.

Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that an increased rate of oxidative stress might play a role in the pathogenesis of lung cancer as evidenced by a failure in the oxidant/antioxidant balance in favour of lipid peroxidation and DNA damage.

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Antioxidants / metabolism*
  • Biomarkers / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Deoxyguanosine / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Malondialdehyde / metabolism*
  • Oxidative Stress*


  • Antioxidants
  • Biomarkers
  • Malondialdehyde
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Deoxyguanosine