Hereditary multiple atresias involving the gastrointestinal tract from pylorus to rectum are the most unusual form of intestinal atresia; the type of inheritance was suggested to be autosomal recessive. The inheritance of the severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome can be autosomal recessive or X-linked. We report on 3 sibs with multiple-level intestinal atresias. One sib had severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome and clinical histories of the other 2 sibs strongly suggested a congenital immunodeficiency syndrome. The parents of those children were healthy and nonconsanguineous. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the association of multiple gastrointestinal atresias and immunodeficiency which appears to have an autosomal recessive pattern of transmission. Our family report suggests that, in the presence of multiple gastrointestinal atresias, attention should be given to possible associated immunological disorders.