Parametrically excited water surface ripples as ensembles of oscillons

Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jan 20;108(3):034502. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.034502. Epub 2012 Jan 19.

Abstract

We show that ripples on the surface of deep water which are driven parametrically by monochromatic vertical vibration represent ensembles of oscillating solitons, or quasiparticles, rather than waves. The horizontal mobility of oscillons determines the broadening of spectral lines and transitions from chaos to regular patterns. It is found that microscopic additions of proteins to water dramatically affect the oscillon mobility and drive transitions from chaos to order. The shape of the oscillons in physical space determines the shape of the frequency spectra of the surface ripple.