Effect of chitosan, O-carboxymethyl chitosan, and N-[(2-hydroxy-3-N,N-dimethylhexadecyl ammonium)propyl] chitosan chloride on overweight and insulin resistance in a murine diet-induced obesity

J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Apr 4;60(13):3471-6. doi: 10.1021/jf205226r. Epub 2012 Mar 20.

Abstract

Two water-soluble chitosan derivatives, O-carboxymethyl chitosan (O-CM-chitosan) and N-[(2-hydroxy-3-N,N-dimethylhexadecyl ammonium)propyl] chitosan chloride (N-CQ-chitosan), were prepared, and the therapeutic effects of chitosan, O-CM-chitosan, and N-CQ-chitosan on insulin resistance were simultaneously evaluated by rats fed on a high-fat diet. The parameters of high-fat diet-induced rats indicated that chitosan and its two derivatives not only have low cytotoxicity but can control overnutrition by fat and achieve insulin resistance therapy. However, the results in experiment in vivo showed that the therapeutic degree varied by the molecular weight and surface charge of chitosan, O-CM-chitosan, and N-CQ-chitosan. N-CQ-chitosan with a MW of 5 × 10(4) decreased body weight, the ratio of fat to body weight, triglyceride, fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin, free fatty acid, and leptin by 11, 17, 44, 46, 44, 87, and 64% and increased fecal lipid by 95%, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose
  • Chitosan / administration & dosage
  • Chitosan / analogs & derivatives*
  • Diet, High-Fat / adverse effects
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Leptin / blood
  • Male
  • Obesity / drug therapy*
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Overweight*
  • Rats, Wistar

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Fats
  • Insulin
  • Leptin
  • N-((2-hydroxy-3-N,N-dimethylhexadecylammonium)propyl)chitosan chloride
  • O-carboxymethylchitosan
  • Chitosan