The effects of psychosocial work organization on patterns of cigarette smoking among male chemical plant employees

Am J Public Health. 1990 Nov;80(11):1368-71. doi: 10.2105/ajph.80.11.1368.


We tested the hypothesis that job strain (the combination of high psychological job demands and low work control) is positively associated with smoking prevalence and intensity in a study group of 389 males employed in a chemical plant, using a self-administered questionnaire. In a logistic regression analysis which controlled for a number of sociodemographic factors, job strain was not found to be associated with smoking cessation. However, among smokers, those in higher-strain jobs smoked more heavily than those in lower-strain positions (OR 1.70, 95% CI = 1.10, 2.61) and were more likely to have increased the amount they smoke (OR 3.72, 95% CI = 1.92, 7.17).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Chemical Industry*
  • Educational Status
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires