Regional anesthesia has become an integral part of adult anesthesia. Although not routinely used in children because of the need for general anesthesia that is necessary to keep the patients from moving and cooperating with the operator, regional anesthesia has been gaining immense popularity in the last decade. Although there is not much objective evidence, large prospective databases and expert opinion have favored administering regional anesthesia in the asleep child safely because major neural damage has not been reported in children. This review discusses a comprehensive approach to acute pain management in infants, children, and adolescents using regional anesthesia.
Copyright Â© 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.