The validation of a food label literacy questionnaire for elementary school children

J Nutr Educ Behav. 2012 May-Jun;44(3):262-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2011.09.006. Epub 2012 Mar 9.


Objective: To determine the reliability and validity of a 10-item questionnaire, the Food Label Literacy for Applied Nutrition Knowledge questionnaire.

Methods: Participants were elementary school children exposed to a 90-minute school-based nutrition program. Reliability was assessed via Cronbach α and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Validity was assessed comparing the questionnaire's food choices using an objective metric of nutrition quality, the Overall Nutritional Quality Index (ONQI), via t test. Statistical significance was set at .05.

Results: Four hundred ninety-nine children participated, 51% were female, and the average age was 8.6 (± 0.9) years. Cronbach α = .77 and ICC = 0.68 (between administrations) were observed. ONQI scores of correct responses were significantly higher when compared to the ONQI scores of incorrect responses (27.4 ± 9.4 vs 16.2 ± 9.4; P = .01).

Conclusions and implications: The Food Label Literacy for Applied Nutrition Knowledge questionnaire was found to be both reliable and a valid measure of food label literacy in children taught the Nutrition Detectives program.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Child
  • Female
  • Food Labeling*
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Health Education / standards*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutritional Sciences
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*