Microfluidic systems for pathogen sensing: a review

Sensors (Basel). 2009;9(6):4804-23. doi: 10.3390/s90604804. Epub 2009 Jun 17.


Rapid pathogen sensing remains a pressing issue today since conventional identification methodsare tedious, cost intensive and time consuming, typically requiring from 48 to 72 h. In turn, chip based technologies, such as microarrays and microfluidic biochips, offer real alternatives capable of filling this technological gap. In particular microfluidic biochips make the development of fast, sensitive and portable diagnostic tools possible, thus promising rapid and accurate detection of a variety of pathogens. This paper will provide a broad overview of the novel achievements in the field of pathogen sensing by focusing on methods and devices that compliment microfluidics.

Keywords: lab-on-a-chip; microfluidics; pathogen sensing.