International Association of Dental Traumatology guidelines for the management of traumatic dental injuries: 2. Avulsion of permanent teeth

Dent Traumatol. 2012 Apr;28(2):88-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012.01125.x.


Avulsion of permanent teeth is one of the most serious dental injuries, and a prompt and correct emergency management is very important for the prognosis. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialties were included in the task group. The guidelines represent the current best evidence and practice based on literature research and professionals' opinion. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group. Finally, the IADT board members were giving their opinion and approval. The primary goal of these guidelines is to delineate an approach for the immediate or urgent care of avulsed permanent teeth.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia, Local
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Consensus
  • Dentition, Permanent
  • Emergency Treatment*
  • Humans
  • Organ Preservation Solutions
  • Periodontal Splints
  • Root Canal Therapy
  • Self Care
  • Tooth Apex / growth & development
  • Tooth Avulsion / surgery
  • Tooth Avulsion / therapy*
  • Tooth Replantation*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Organ Preservation Solutions