Influence of exercise on mood in postmenopausal women

J Clin Nurs. 2012 Apr;21(7-8):923-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03972.x.


Aim and objective: To evaluate the influence of an exercise programme on postmenopausal women with symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Background: The menopause is a period of hormonal changes when mood variations are probably more severe than at any other period of women's lives.

Design: Prospective study with control group and pre- and post-treatment measures, after six months treatment. Conducted at two healthcare clinics, in the province of Granada (Spain).

Methods: A convenience sample of 60 postmenopausal women aged 60-70 years, with symptoms of depression and anxiety, was recruited. The women were randomly divided into two groups: (1) control group, no treatment (n = 30); (2) exercise group, which carried out a programme of mixed physical exercises with musical support (n = 30). All subjects answered questionnaires for the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and the Brink and Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale before and after treatment.

Results: In the exercise group, statistically significant improvements were observed in subjects with moderate and severe depression (18 and 22%, respectively) and in those with symptoms of anxiety. No such changes were observed in the control group.

Conclusions: A controlled programme of physical exercise for postmenopausal women alleviates symptoms of anxiety and depression, and its inclusion in primary healthcare programmes should be considered.

Relevance to clinical practice: Menopausal women may benefit from physical exercise, which attenuates the effects of the physiological and psychological changes associated with the menopause and prevents pathologic changes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / physiopathology
  • Anxiety / prevention & control*
  • Depression / physiopathology
  • Depression / prevention & control*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Postmenopause / physiology
  • Postmenopause / psychology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Spain
  • Treatment Outcome