Changes in anterior segment morphology after laser peripheral iridotomy: an anterior segment optical coherence tomography study

Ophthalmology. 2012 Jul;119(7):1383-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.01.019. Epub 2012 Mar 10.


Purpose: Novel anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) parameters associated with angle closure include anterior chamber area (ACA), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber width (ACW), lens vault (LV), iris thickness (IT), iris area (I-area), and iris curvature (I-curv). We aimed to investigate changes in these parameters after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in a cohort of primary angle-closure suspects (PACS).

Design: Prospective observational study.

Participants and controls: A total of 176 PACS aged ≥ 50 years who underwent LPI in 1 eye.

Methods: We analyzed ASOCT images (Visante, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) from all subjects using customized software before and 1 week after LPI. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed for predictors of percentage change in mean angle opening distance (AOD750).

Main outcome measures: Change in ASOCT parameters after LPI.

Results: The mean age of participants was 63 ± 7.3 years. The majority of subjects were Chinese (95.5%) and women (76.7%). Mean angle width (modified Shaffer grade) changed from 0.68 ± 0.54 at baseline to 1.76±0.69 after LPI (P<0.001) with a corresponding increase in mean AOD500 (0.12 vs. 0.19 mm, P<0.001), trabecular iris surface area (TISA500, 0.06 vs. 0.08 mm(2), P<0.001), and angle recess area (ARA, 0.13 vs. 0.17 mm(2), P<0.001). Mean ACA (15.0 vs. 16.0 mm(2), P<0.001) and ACV (91.6 vs. 103.0 mm(3), P<0.001) increased significantly after LPI, but there was no change in ACW, anterior chamber depth (ACD), or LV. Mean I-curv was reduced (0.375 vs. 0.18 mm, P<0.001) after LPI, but there was no significant change in IT or I-area. After multivariate analysis, mean LV (β = 0.286, P = 0.001), mean IT at 2000 μm (IT2000, β = 0.172, P = 0.034), and intraocular pressure (β = 0.159, P = 0.042) at baseline were found to be associated with ΔAOD750.

Conclusions: This study confirms that LPI results in a significant increase in the angle width in PACS. The ACA and ACV increased after LPI, but there was no change in ACD, ACW, LV, IT, or I-area. The increase in ACA/ACV was mainly due to decreased I-curv after LPI.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Eye Segment / pathology*
  • Female
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / prevention & control*
  • Gonioscopy
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Iridectomy*
  • Iris / surgery
  • Laser Therapy*
  • Lasers, Solid-State / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence*
  • Visual Acuity / physiology
  • Visual Fields / physiology