Shared decision making and other variables as correlates of satisfaction with health care decisions in a United States national survey

Patient Educ Couns. 2012 Jul;88(1):100-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2012.02.010. Epub 2012 Mar 11.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between shared decision-making (SDM) and satisfaction with decision (SWD) within a larger survey of patient decision-making in health care consultations.

Methods: A randomly selected age-proportionate national sample of adults (aged 21-70 years) stratified on race, ethnicity, and gender (N=488) was recruited from a health research volunteer registry and completed an online survey with reference to a recent health consultation. Measures included the shared decision making-9 questionnaire (SDM-Q-9), Satisfaction With Decision (SWD) scale, sociodemographic, health, and other standardized decision-making measures. Forward selection weighted multiple regression analysis was used to model correlates of SWD.

Results: After controlling for sociodemographic variables, SDM-Q-9 total score was associated with SWD, adjusted R(2)=.368, p<.001. Three of nine SDM-Q-9 items accounted for significant proportions of variance in SWD.

Conclusion: SDM was positively associated with SWD and was strongest for three areas of SDM: patients being helped in a health care consultation with understanding information, with treatment preference elicitation, and with weighing options thoroughly.

Practice implications: By identifying variables such as SDM that are associated with SWD, health care interventions can better target modifiable factors to enhance satisfaction and other outcomes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Communication*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Decision Making*
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Participation*
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Perception
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Regression Analysis
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
  • Young Adult