Leukodystrophies

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012;724:154-71. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0653-2_13.

Abstract

Leukodystrophies comprise a broad group of progressive, inherited disorders affecting mainly myelin. They often present after a variable period of normalcy with a variety of neurologic problems. Though the ultimate diagnosis is not found in many patients with leukodystrophies, distinctive features unique to them aid in diagnosis, treatment and prognostication. The clinical characteristics, etiologies, diagnostic testing and treatment options are reviewed in detail for some of the major leukodystrophies: X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, Krabbe disease, metachromatic leukodystrophy, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, Alexander disease, Canavan disease, megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts and vanishing white matter disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / pathology
  • Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases* / classification
  • Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Hereditary Central Nervous System Demyelinating Diseases* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases* / therapy