Diffusion tensor quantification and cognitive correlates of the macrostructure and microstructure of the corpus callosum in typically developing and dyslexic children

NMR Biomed. 2012 Nov;25(11):1263-70. doi: 10.1002/nbm.2797. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Abstract

Noninvasive quantitative MRI methods, such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), can offer insights into the structure-function relationships in human developmental brain disorders. In this article, we quantified the macrostructural and microstructural attributes of the corpus callosum (CC) in children with dyslexia and in typically developing readers of comparable age and gender. Diffusion anisotropy, and mean, radial and axial diffusivities of cross-sectional CC subregions were computed using a validated DTI methodology. The normalized posterior CC area was enlarged in children with dyslexia relative to that in typically developing children. Moreover, the callosal microstructural attributes, such as the mean diffusivity of the posterior middle sector of the CC, correlated significantly with measures of word reading and reading comprehension. Reading group differences in fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity and radial diffusivity were observed in the posterior CC (CC5). This study demonstrates the utility of regional DTI measurements of the CC in understanding the neurobiology of reading disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aging / pathology
  • Child
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Corpus Callosum / growth & development
  • Corpus Callosum / pathology*
  • Corpus Callosum / physiopathology*
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging / methods*
  • Dyslexia / pathology*
  • Dyslexia / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Growth and Development*
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male