Development and pilot testing of a multiple mini-interview for admission to a pharmacy degree program

Am J Pharm Educ. 2012 Feb 10;76(1):10. doi: 10.5688/ajpe76110.

Abstract

Objectives: To develop and pilot test a multiple mini-interview (MMI) to select students for admission to a pharmacy degree program.

Methods: A nominal group process was used to identify 8 important nonacademic attributes of pharmacists, with relative importance determined by means of a paired-comparison survey of pharmacy stakeholders (ie, university-affiliated individuals with a vested interest in the quality of student admitted to the pharmacy program, such as faculty members, students, admissions staff members, and practitioners). A 10-station MMI based on the weighted-attribute blueprint was pilot tested with 30 incoming pharmacy students. MMI score reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC]) and correlation with other admissions tool scores were determined.

Results: Station scores provided by student interviewers were slightly higher than those of faculty member or practitioner interviewers. While most interviewers judged a 6-minute interview as "just right" and an 8-minute interview "a bit long," candidates had the opposite opinion. Station scenarios had face validity for candidates and interviewers. The ICC for the MMI was 0.77 and correlations with prepharmacy average (PPA) and Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) composite were negligible.

Conclusions: MMI feasibility was confirmed, based on the finding that interview scores were reliable and that this admissions tool measures different attributes than do the PCAT and PPA.

Keywords: multiple mini interviews; pharmacy admissions; pilot test.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Program Development / methods
  • Program Development / standards*
  • School Admission Criteria*
  • Schools, Pharmacy / standards*
  • Students, Pharmacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*