Background: There is no randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH) in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). In this RCT, we have evaluated the efficacy and safety of LMWH versus UFH in CVST.
Methods: Consecutive patients with CVST diagnosed on the basis of MR venography (MRV) who was free of bleeding diathesis, malignancy, hepatic or renal failure were prospectively enrolled. History, clinical findings and risk factors were evaluated. MRI and MRV findings were recorded. The patients were randomized to LMWH and UFH groups for 14 days followed by oral anticoagulant. The hospital mortality and 3 months outcome as assessed by Barthel index (BI) score were noted.
Results: 32 patients received UFH and 34 received LMWH. The baseline demographic, clinical and radiological parameters were similar in both the groups. Six patients died and all were in UFH group (P = 0.01). At 3 months, insignificantly higher number of patients recovered completely in LMWH compared to UFH group (30 vs. 20). There was no serious side effect needing withdrawal of drugs except one was withdrawn from UFH because of heparin-induced thrombosis.
Conclusion: Low molecular weight heparin resulted in significantly lower hospital mortality in CVST compared to UFH.
© 2012 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS.