Randomized trial of optimal treatment strategies for in-stent restenosis after drug-eluting stent implantation

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Mar 20;59(12):1093-100. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2011.11.047.


Objectives: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of the treatment strategies for in-stent restenosis (ISR) of drug-eluting stents (DES) according to the morphologic pattern of restenosis.

Background: Optimal treatment strategies for ISR within DES have not been adequately addressed yet.

Methods: Patients with ISR of DES were randomized according to the lesion length to compare outcomes of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) versus cutting balloon angioplasty for focal type (≤10 mm) and SES versus everolimus-eluting stent (EES) for diffuse type (>10 mm). The primary endpoint was in-segment late loss at 9 months. Overall 162 patients, 96 with focal ISR and 66 with diffuse ISR, were enrolled.

Results: In focal lesions, in-segment late loss was significantly higher in the cutting balloon group (n = 48) than in the SES group (n = 48; 0.25 mm, interquartile range [IQR]: -0.01 to 0.68 mm vs. 0.06 mm, IQR: -0.08 to 0.17 mm; p = 0.04). Consequently, in-segment restenosis rate tended to be higher in the cutting balloon group than in the SES group (20.7% vs. 3.1%, p = 0.06) with comparable incidences of the composite of death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization at 12 months of clinical follow up (6.3% vs. 6.3%, p > 0.99). In 66 cases of diffuse ISR, in-segment late loss (0.11 mm, IQR: -0.02 to 0.30 mm; vs. 0.00 mm, IQR: -0.08 to 0.25 mm; p = 0.64), in-segment restenosis rate (5.0% vs. 14.3%, p = 0.32), and the composite incidence of death, myocardial infarction, or target lesion revascularization (9.6% vs. 8.8%, p > 0.99) did not differ between SES group (n = 32) and EES group (n = 34).

Conclusions: For lesions of focal DES restenosis, repeat implantation of SES is more effective in reducing late luminal loss and subsequent restenosis rate than cutting balloon angioplasty. For diffuse DES restenosis, implantation of SES or EES is comparably effective in terms of angiographic and clinical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Restenosis / complications
  • Coronary Restenosis / mortality
  • Coronary Restenosis / physiopathology
  • Coronary Restenosis / surgery*
  • Drug-Eluting Stents*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Everolimus
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / etiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reoperation
  • Republic of Korea
  • Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives*
  • Sirolimus / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Everolimus
  • Sirolimus