A2 adenosine receptors and vascular pathologies

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 Apr;32(4):870-8. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.112.246181.


Cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death and morbidity, is regulated, among various factors, by inflammation. The level of the metabolite adenosine is augmented under stress, including inflammatory, hypoxic, or injurious events. Adenosine has been shown to affect various physiological and pathological processes, largely through 1 or more of its 4 types of receptors: the A1 and A3 adenylyl cyclase inhibitory receptors and the A2A and A2B adenylyl cyclase stimulatory receptors. This article focuses on reviewing common and distinct effects of the 2 A2-type adenosine receptors on vascular disease and the mechanisms involved. Understanding the pathogenesis of vascular disease mediated by these receptors is important to the development of therapeutics and to the prevention and management of disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Atherosclerosis / metabolism
  • Blood Vessels / immunology
  • Blood Vessels / metabolism*
  • Blood Vessels / pathology
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Receptors, Adenosine A2 / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Thrombosis / metabolism
  • Vascular Diseases / immunology
  • Vascular Diseases / metabolism*
  • Vascular Diseases / pathology


  • Receptors, Adenosine A2
  • Adenosine